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(Revised June 29, 2012)

 

 



 252.242-7000 Reserved.
 252.242-7001 Reserved.
 252.242-7002 Reserved.
 252.242-7003 Reserved.
 252.242-7004 Material Management and Accounting System.
 252.242-7005 Contractor Business Systems.
 252.242-7006 Accounting System Administration.


252.242-7000  Reserved.

 

252.242-7001  Reserved.

 

252.242-7002  Reserved.

 

252.242-7003  Reserved.

 

252.242-7004  Material Management and Accounting System.

As prescribed in 242.7204, use the following clause:

 

MATERIAL MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (MAY 2011)

 

      (a)  Definitions.  As used in this clause—

 

              (1)  “Material management and accounting system (MMAS)” means the Contractor's system or systems for planning, controlling, and accounting for the acquisition, use, issuing, and disposition of material.  Material management and accounting systems may be manual or automated.  They may be stand-alone systems or they may be integrated with planning, engineering, estimating, purchasing, inventory, accounting, or other systems.

 

              (2)  “Valid time-phased requirements” means material that is—

 

                    (i)  Needed to fulfill the production plan, including reasonable quantities for scrap, shrinkage, yield, etc.; and

 

                    (ii)  Charged/billed to contracts or other cost objectives in a manner consistent with the need to fulfill the production plan.

 

              (3)  “Contractor” means a business unit as defined in section 31.001 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).

 

              (4)  “Acceptable material management and accounting system” means a MMAS that generally complies with the system criteria in paragraph (d) of this clause.

 

              (5)  “Significant deficiency” means a shortcoming in the system that materially affects the ability of officials of the Department of Defense to rely upon information produced by the system that is needed for management purposes.

 

      (b)  General.  The Contractor shall—

 

              (1)  Maintain an MMAS that—

 

                    (i)  Reasonably forecasts material requirements;

 

                    (ii)  Ensures that costs of purchased and fabricated material charged or allocated to a contract are based on valid time-phased requirements; and

 

                    (iii)  Maintains a consistent, equitable, and unbiased logic for costing of material transactions; and

 

              (2)  Assess its MMAS and take reasonable action to comply with the MMAS standards in paragraph (e) of this clause.

 

      (c)  Disclosure and maintenance requirements.  The Contractor shall—

 

              (1)  Have policies, procedures, and operating instructions that adequately describe its MMAS;

 

              (2)  Provide to the Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO), upon request, the results of internal reviews that it has conducted to ensure compliance with established MMAS policies, procedures, and operating instructions; and

 

              (3)  Disclose significant changes in its MMAS to the ACO at least 30 days prior to implementation.

 

      (d)  System criteria.  The MMAS shall have adequate internal controls to ensure system and data integrity, and shall--

 

              (1)  Have an adequate system description including policies, procedures, and operating instructions that comply with the FAR and Defense FAR Supplement;

 

              (2)  Ensure that costs of purchased and fabricated material charged or allocated to a contract are based on valid time-phased requirements as impacted by minimum/economic order quantity restrictions.

 

                    (i)  A 98 percent bill of material accuracy and a 95 percent master production schedule accuracy are desirable as a goal in order to ensure that requirements are both valid and appropriately time-phased.

 

                    (ii)  If systems have accuracy levels below these, the Contractor shall provide adequate evidence that—

 

                            (A)  There is no material harm to the Government due to lower accuracy levels; and

 

                            (B)  The cost to meet the accuracy goals is excessive in relation to the impact on the Government;

 

              (3)  Provide a mechanism to identify, report, and resolve system control weaknesses and manual override.  Systems should identify operational exceptions, such as excess/residual inventory, as soon as known;

 

              (4)  Provide audit trails and maintain records (manual and those in machine- readable form) necessary to evaluate system logic and to verify through transaction testing that the system is operating as desired;

 

              (5)  Establish and maintain adequate levels of record accuracy, and include reconciliation of recorded inventory quantities to physical inventory by part number on a periodic basis.  A 95 percent accuracy level is desirable.  If systems have an accuracy level below 95 percent, the Contractor shall provide adequate evidence that—

 

                    (i)  There is no material harm to the Government due to lower accuracy levels; and

 

                    (ii)  The cost to meet the accuracy goal is excessive in relation to the impact on the Government;

 

              (6)  Provide detailed descriptions of circumstances that will result in manual or system generated transfers of parts;

 

              (7)  Maintain a consistent, equitable, and unbiased logic for costing of material transactions as follows:

 

                    (i)  The Contractor shall maintain and disclose written policies describing the transfer methodology and the loan/pay-back technique.

 

                    (ii)  The costing methodology may be standard or actual cost, or any of the inventory costing methods in 48 CFR 9904.411-50(b).  The Contractor shall maintain consistency across all contract and customer types, and from accounting period to accounting period for initial charging and transfer charging.

 

                    (iii)  The system should transfer parts and associated costs within the same billing period.  In the few instances where this may not be appropriate, the Contractor may accomplish the material transaction using a loan/pay-back technique.  The “loan/
pay-back technique” means that the physical part is moved temporarily from the contract, but the cost of the part remains on the contract.  The procedures for the loan/pay-back technique must be approved by the ACO.  When the technique is used, the Contractor shall have controls to ensure—

 

                            (A)  Parts are paid back expeditiously;

 

                            (B)  Procedures and controls are in place to correct any overbilling that might occur;

 

                            (C)  Monthly, at a minimum, identification of the borrowing contract and the date the part was borrowed; and

 

                            (D)  The cost of the replacement part is charged to the borrowing contract;

 

              (8)  Where allocations from common inventory accounts are used, have controls (in addition to those in paragraphs (e)(2) and (7) of this clause) to ensure that—

 

                    (i)  Reallocations and any credit due are processed no less frequently than the routine billing cycle;

 

                    (ii)  Inventories retained for requirements that are not under contract are not allocated to contracts; and

 

                    (iii)  Algorithms are maintained based on valid and current data;

 

              (9)  Have adequate controls to ensure that physically commingled inventories that may include material for which costs are charged or allocated to fixed-price, cost-reimbursement, and commercial contracts do not compromise requirements of any of the standards in paragraphs (e)(1) through (8) of this clause.  Government-furnished material shall not be—

 

                    (i)  Physically commingled with other material; or

 

                    (ii)  Used on commercial work; and

 

              (10)  Be subjected to periodic internal reviews to ensure compliance with established policies and procedures.

 

      (e)  Significant deficiencies.  (1)  The Contracting Officer will provide an initial determination to the Contractor, in writing, of any significant deficiencies. The initial determination will describe the deficiency in sufficient detail to allow the Contractor to understand the deficiency.

 

              (2)  The Contractor shall respond within 30 days to a written initial determination from the Contracting Officer that identifies significant deficiencies in the Contractor's MMAS. If the Contractor disagrees with the initial determination, the Contractor shall state, in writing, its rationale for disagreeing.

 

              (3)  The Contracting Officer will evaluate the Contractor's response and notify the Contractor, in writing, of the Contracting Officer’s final determination concerning—

 

                    (i)  Remaining significant deficiencies;

 

                    (ii)  The adequacy of any proposed or completed corrective action; and

 

                    (iii)  System disapproval if the Contracting Officer determines that one or more significant deficiencies remain.

 

      (f)  If the Contractor receives the Contracting Officer’s final determination of significant deficiencies, the Contractor shall, within 45 days of receipt of the final determination, either correct the significant deficiencies or submit an acceptable corrective action plan showing milestones and actions to eliminate the significant deficiencies.

 

      (g)  Withholding payments.  If the Contracting Officer makes a final determination to disapprove the Contracto’s MMAS, and the contract includes the clause at 252.242-7005, Contractor Business Systems, the Contracting Officer will withhold payments in accordance with that clause.

 

(End of clause)

 

252.242-7005  Contractor Business Systems.

As prescribed in 242.7001, use the following clause:

 

CONTRACTOR BUSINESS SYSTEMS (FEB 2012)

 

      (a)  This clause only applies to covered contracts that are subject to the Cost Accounting Standards under 41 U.S.C. chapter 15, as implemented in regulations found at 48 CFR 9903.201-1 (see the FAR Appendix).

 

      (b)  Definitions.  As used in this clause—

 

“Acceptable contractor business systems” means contractor business systems that comply with the terms and conditions of the applicable business system clauses listed in the definition of "contractor business systems" in this clause.

 

“Contractor business systems” means—

 

              (1)  Accounting system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.242-7006, Accounting System Administration;

 

              (2)  Earned value management system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.234-7002, Earned Value Management System;

 

              (3)  Estimating system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.215-7002, Cost Estimating System Requirements;

 

              (4)  Material management and accounting system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.242-7004, Material Management and Accounting System;

 

              (5)  Property management system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.245-7003, Contractor Property Management System Administration; and

 

              (6)  Purchasing system, if this contract includes the clause at 252.244-7001, Contractor Purchasing System Administration.

 

“Significant deficiency,” in the case of a contractor business system, means a shortcoming in the system that materially affects the ability of officials of the Department of Defense to rely upon information produced by the system that is needed for management purposes.

 

      (c)  General.  The Contractor shall establish and maintain acceptable business systems in accordance with the terms and conditions of this contract.

 

      (d)  Significant deficiencies.  (1)  The Contractor shall respond, in writing, within 30 days to an initial determination that there are one or more significant deficiencies in one or more of the Contractor’s business systems.

 

              (2)  The Contracting Officer will evaluate the Contractor's response and notify the Contractor, in writing, of the final determination as to whether the Contractor’s business system contains significant deficiencies.  If the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor’s business system contains significant deficiencies, the final determination will include a notice to withhold payments.

 

      (e)  Withholding payments.  (1)  If the Contracting Officer issues the final determination with a notice to withhold payments for significant deficiencies in a contractor business system required under this contract, the Contracting Officer will withhold five percent of amounts due from progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to withhold five percent from its billings on interim cost vouchers on cost-reimbursement, labor-hour, and time-and-materials contracts until the Contracting Officer has determined that the Contractor has corrected all significant deficiencies as directed by the Contracting Officer’s final determination.  The Contractor shall, within 45 days of receipt of the notice, either correct the deficiencies or submit an acceptable corrective action plan showing milestones and actions to eliminate the deficiencies.

 

              (2)  If the Contractor submits an acceptable corrective action plan within 45 days of receipt of a notice of the Contracting Officer’s intent to withhold payments, and the Contracting Officer, in consultation with the auditor or functional specialist, determines that the Contractor is effectively implementing such plan, the Contracting Officer will reduce withholding directly related to the significant deficiencies covered under the corrective action plan, to two percent from progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to reduce the percentage withheld on interim cost vouchers to two percent until the Contracting Officer determines the Contractor has corrected all significant deficiencies as directed by the Contracting Officer’s final determination.  However, if at any time, the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor has failed to follow the accepted corrective action plan, the Contracting Officer will increase withholding from progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to increase the percentage withheld on interim cost vouchers to the percentage initially withheld, until the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor has corrected all significant deficiencies as directed by the Contracting Officer’s final determination.

 

              (3)  Payment withhold percentage limits.

 

                    (i)  The total percentage of payments withheld on amounts due under each progress payment, performance-based payment, or interim cost voucher, on this contract shall not exceed--

 

                            (A)  Five percent for one or more significant deficiencies in any single contractor business system; and

 

                            (B)  Ten percent for significant deficiencies in multiple contractor business systems.

 

                    (ii)  If this contract contains pre-existing withholds, and the application of any subsequent payment withholds will cause withholding under this clause to exceed the payment withhold percentage limits in paragraph (e)(3)(i) of this clause, the Contracting Officer will reduce the payment withhold percentage in the final determination to an amount that will not exceed the payment withhold percentage limits.

 

              (4)  For the purpose of this clause, payment means any of the following payments authorized under this contract:

 

                    (i)  Interim payments under—

 

                            (A)  Cost-reimbursement contracts;

 

                            (B)  Incentive type contracts;

 

                            (C)  Time-and-materials contracts;

 

                            (D)  Labor-hour contracts.

 

                    (ii)  Progress payments.

 

                    (iii)  Performance-based payments.

 

              (5)  Payment withholding shall not apply to payments on fixed-price line items where performance is complete and the items were accepted by the Government.

 

              (6)  The withholding of any amount or subsequent payment to the Contractor shall not be construed as a waiver of any rights or remedies the Government has under this contract.

 

              (7)  Notwithstanding the provisions of any clause in this contract providing for interim, partial, or other payment withholding on any basis, the Contracting Officer may withhold payment in accordance with the provisions of this clause.

 

              (8)  The payment withholding authorized in this clause is not subject to the interest-penalty provisions of the Prompt Payment Act.

 

      (f)  Correction of deficiencies.  (1)  The Contractor shall notify the Contracting Officer, in writing, when the Contractor has corrected the business system’s deficiencies.

 

              (2)  Once the Contractor has notified the Contracting Officer that all deficiencies have been corrected, the Contracting Officer will take one of the following actions:

 

                    (i)  If the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor has corrected all significant deficiencies as directed by the Contracting Officer’s final determination, the Contracting Officer will, as appropriate, discontinue the withholding of progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to discontinue the payment withholding from billings on interim cost vouchers under this contract associated with the Contracting Officer’s final determination, and authorize the Contractor to bill for any monies previously withheld that are not also being withheld due to other significant deficiencies.  Any payment withholding under this contract due to other significant deficiencies, will remain in effect until the Contracting Officer determines that those significant deficiencies are corrected.

 

                    (ii)  If the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor still has significant deficiencies, the Contracting Officer will continue the withholding of progress payments and performance-based payments, and the Contractor shall continue withholding amounts from its billings on interim cost vouchers in accordance with paragraph (e) of this clause, and not bill for any monies previously withheld.

 

                    (iii)  If the Contracting Officer determines, based on the evidence submitted by the Contractor, that there is a reasonable expectation that the corrective actions have been implemented and are expected to correct the significant deficiencies, the Contracting Officer will discontinue withholding payments, and release any payments previously withheld directly related to the significant deficiencies identified in the Contractor notification, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to discontinue the payment withholding from billings on interim cost vouchers associated with the Contracting Officer’s final determination, and authorize the Contractor to bill for any monies previously withheld.

 

                    (iv)  If, within 90 days of receipt of the Contractor notification that the Contractor has corrected the significant deficiencies, the Contracting Officer has not made a determination in accordance with paragraphs (f)(2)(i), (ii ), or (iii) of this clause, the Contracting Officer will reduce withholding directly related to the significant deficiencies identified in the Contractor notification by at least 50 percent of the amount being withheld from progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to reduce the payment withholding from billings on interim cost vouchers directly related to the significant deficiencies identified in the Contractor notification by a specified percentage that is at least 50 percent, but not authorize the Contractor to bill for any monies previously withheld until the Contracting Officer makes a determination in accordance with paragraphs (f)(2)(i), (ii), or (iii) of this clause.

 

                    (v)  At any time after the Contracting Officer reduces or discontinues the withholding of progress payments and performance-based payments, or directs the Contractor to reduce or discontinue the payment withholding from billings on interim cost vouchers under this contract, if the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor has failed to correct the significant deficiencies identified in the Contractor's notification, the Contracting Officer will reinstate or increase withholding from progress payments and performance-based payments, and direct the Contractor, in writing, to reinstate or increase the percentage withheld on interim cost vouchers to the percentage initially withheld, until the Contracting Officer determines that the Contractor has corrected all significant deficiencies as directed by the Contracting Officer’s final determination.

 

(End of clause)

 

252.242-7006  Accounting System Administration.

As prescribed in 242.7503, use the following clause:

 

ACCOUNTING SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION (FEB 2012)

 

      (a)  Definitions.  As used in this clause—

 

              (1)  “Acceptable accounting system” means a system that complies with the system criteria in paragraph (c) of this clause to provide reasonable assurance that—

 

                    (i)  Applicable laws and regulations are complied with;

 

                    (ii)  The accounting system and cost data are reliable;

 

                    (iii)  Risk of misallocations and mischarges are minimized; and

 

                    (iv)  Contract allocations and charges are consistent with billing procedures.

 

              (2)  “Accounting system” means the Contractor’s system or systems for accounting methods, procedures, and controls established to gather, record, classify, analyze, summarize, interpret, and present accurate and timely financial data for reporting in compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and management decisions, and may include subsystems for specific areas such as indirect and other direct costs, compensation, billing, labor, and general information technology.

 

              (3)  “Significant deficiency” means a shortcoming in the system that materially affects the ability of officials of the Department of Defense to rely upon information produced by the system that is needed for management purposes.

 

      (b)  General.  The Contractor shall establish and maintain an acceptable accounting system. Failure to maintain an acceptable accounting system, as defined in this clause, shall result in the withholding of payments if the contract includes the clause at 252.242-7005, Contractor Business Systems, and also may result in disapproval of the system.

 

      (c)  System criteria.  The Contractor’s accounting system shall provide for—

 

              (1)  A sound internal control environment, accounting framework, and organizational structure;

 

              (2)  Proper segregation of direct costs from indirect costs;

 

              (3)  Identification and accumulation of direct costs by contract;

 

              (4)  A logical and consistent method for the accumulation and allocation of indirect costs to intermediate and final cost objectives;

 

              (5)  Accumulation of costs under general ledger control;

 

              (6)  Reconciliation of subsidiary cost ledgers and cost objectives to general ledger;

 

              (7)  Approval and documentation of adjusting entries;

 

              (8)  Management reviews or internal audits of the system to ensure compliance with the Contractor’s established policies, procedures, and accounting practices;

 

              (9)  A timekeeping system that identifies employees’ labor by intermediate or final cost objectives;

 

              (10)  A labor distribution system that charges direct and indirect labor to the appropriate cost objectives;

 

              (11)  Interim (at least monthly) determination of costs charged to a contract through routine posting of books of account;

 

              (12)  Exclusion from costs charged to Government contracts of amounts which are not allowable in terms of Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) part 31, Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, and other contract provisions;

 

              (13)  Identification of costs by contract line item and by units (as if each unit or line item were a separate contract), if required by the contract;

 

              (14)  Segregation of preproduction costs from production costs, as applicable;

 

              (15)  Cost accounting information, as required—

 

                    (i)  By contract clauses concerning limitation of cost (FAR 52.232-20), limitation of funds (FAR 52.232-22), or allowable cost and payment (FAR 52.216-7); and

 

                    (ii)  To readily calculate indirect cost rates from the books of accounts;

 

              (16)  Billings that can be reconciled to the cost accounts for both current and cumulative amounts claimed and comply with contract terms;

 

              (17)  Adequate, reliable data for use in pricing follow-on acquisitions; and

 

              (18)  Accounting practices in accordance with standards promulgated by the Cost Accounting Standards Board, if applicable, otherwise, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

 

      (d)  Significant deficiencies.  (1)  The Contracting Officer will provide an initial determination to the Contractor, in writing, of any significant deficiencies. The initial determination will describe the deficiency in sufficient detail to allow the Contractor to understand the deficiency.

 

              (2)  The Contractor shall respond within 30 days to a written initial determination from the Contracting Officer that identifies significant deficiencies in the Contractor's accounting system.  If the Contractor disagrees with the initial determination, the Contractor shall state, in writing, its rationale for disagreeing.

 

              (3)  The Contracting Officer will evaluate the Contractor's response and notify the Contractor, in writing, of the Contracting Officer’s final determination concerning—

 

                    (i)  Remaining significant deficiencies;

 

                    (ii)  The adequacy of any proposed or completed corrective action; and

 

                    (iii)  System disapproval, if the Contracting Officer determines that one or more significant deficiencies remain.

 

      (e)  If the Contractor receives the Contracting Officer’s final determination of significant deficiencies, the Contractor shall, within 45 days of receipt of the final determination, either correct the significant deficiencies or submit an acceptable corrective action plan showing milestones and actions to eliminate the significant deficiencies.

 

      (f)  Withholding payments.  If the Contracting Officer makes a final determination to disapprove the Contractor’s accounting system, and the contract includes the clause at 252.242-7005, Contractor Business Systems, the Contracting Officer will withhold payments in accordance with that clause.

 

(End of clause)

 

 


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