Frequently Asked Questions


---General Questions---
Q: I have photos and other items from my time in the military that I would like to send you for historical purposes. Where can I send my information?
A: We are very interested in entomological or pest management images and recollections and will be happy to preserve it. Send your information/photos by e-mail.


---Contingency Questions---
Q: I have several pest management questions related to an upcoming deployment (to include preventive medicine and entomological questions) and wish to find out what additional resources outside of the AFPMB are available. Where can I find this information?
A: An excellent overarching source for additional guidance and information may be found at Army Public Health Center. If you are serving as a member of the DoD or Federal government, you may also want to access the National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) webpage or use their complete contact information. If you don't have .mil or .gov e-mail access, call their 24-Hour Service/Request for Information number (301-619-7574), validate your need and submit your request.
Q: I have an after-action report from my deployment and have some additional entomology observations that I think others could benefit from. Where can I send my information?
A: You should ensure that any recommendations or observations have first been vetted through your Chain of Command. However, we are interested in any information that could enhance current pest/vector management procedures, policy, and processes. Send your information to the AFPMB by e-mail, by fax to 301-295-7473, or call (301) 295-7476.
Q: How do I get temporary approval to use a pesticide or related equipment item that is not on the DoD approved list?
A: Except where a validated emergency exists, only pesticides listed on the DoD Contingency Pesticide List shall be used during contingency operations. If non-approved pesticides must be sought for emergency use, the approval process is outlined in Appendix G of the Contingency Pest Management Guide (Technical Guide No. 24 - CAC access only). For waivers to acquire any equipment items that are not in the Contingency Pest Management Guide, you must contact the AFPMB’s Contingency Liaison Officer at (301) 295-8312/7476 or via the webmaster.


---Pesticide and Equipment Issues---
Q: Where can I find specific information about a pesticide (substitution, environmental concerns, MSDS, etc.)
A: Specific pesticide information, including labels and MSDSs, can be found on the DoD approved pesticide list. The DoD Pesticide Hotline provides the most current information regarding all DoD approved pesticides. This is a service provided by the Army Public Health Center.

---Real Property---
Q: We have a lot of creepy “things” getting into our home/office/work space. What can we do about them?
A: Contact your local or installation level supporting Preventive Medicine office or Engineer Facilities office. They can usually give you fairly quick, practical information, advice, and often even some direct help dealing with these issues.
Q: Can you give me any information about the correct mounting of an air curtain on an exterior door of a mess hall?


---Recruiting---
Q: I am interested in learning more about a career in Medical Entomology with the U.S. military. I have a B.S. in Biology and a M.S. in Agriculture with a focus on entomology.
A: Commissioning as a military entomologist usually requires an M.S. degree in entomology, but if you have had coursework in entomology (especially medical entomology), the specialty leader may choose to waiver that requirement. The AFPMB’s “Military Entomology” page contains information. Only U.S. citizens or foreign nationals legally residing in the United States with an Immigration and Naturalization Service Alien Registration Card ("Green Card" -- INS Form I-151/551) under the age of 42 are eligible to apply.
Q: How do you become a military entomologist?
A: The Army, Navy, and Air Force all offer exciting opportunities in military entomology. Please visit the AFPMB home page “Military Entomology” section, which contains links for all three Services and provide details about careers as well as contacts for further information. U.S. citizens or foreign nationals legally residing in the United States with an Immigration and Naturalization Service Alien Registration Card ("Green Card" -- INS Form I-151/551) under the age fo 42 are eligible.


---Training and Certification---
Q: My DoD Pesticide Applicator certification is about to expire. How do I get it extended or get recertified?
A: The DoD Pesticide Applicators’ certification process can be found under Training and Certification. This page provides links that outline the procedures for initial certification, recertification, course information, as well as contact information for Service designated Certifying Officials.
Q: I need to verify my state certification pest control categories equivalencies with the DoD Pesticide Applicator categories. How do I do that or provide proof of the equivalency?
A: The U.S. Army Environmental Command (USAEC) provides a listing of state pesticide applicator certification equivalents online. (How can someone provide proof of equivalency?)
Q: I have a question about which course I should take for certification: “Core” certification or the “Pest Management” certification? I have been certified by the Dept. of Agriculture through previous work. I have not recertified since joining the military.
A: New DoD members must complete the initial DoD certification course, including Core certification and all categories applicable to their duties. For further information, check out the Training and Certification information on our website.
Q: I am in the DoD and interested in medical entomology and pest management training to better prepare me for real world operations and contingencies. Does such training exist?
A: DoD only offers training for military, DoD civil servants, and contractors serving the DoD. Both the Navy and the Air Force offer Operational Entomology Training courses. Our training page lists the two courses as well as provides e-mail links for the Point of Contacts who can better assist you. Click on the course title, “Operational Entomology Training,” to view the specifics of these two courses.
Q: As a contractor, how do I obtain DoD certification and who funds the training? What about Third Country Nationals (TCN) or Local Nationals? Can they get certified?
A: This training is available to DoD personnel or contractors. The DoD provides funding for its personnel, but contractors are required to fund their own training expenses, including travel to training sites. All potential certified pesticide applicators, regardless of location around the world, must be able to clearly communicate in English, both written and verbally. Of note, individuals applying pesticides, who are not certified but are visually supervised by a certified applicator, are NOT required to be able to clearly communicate in English, either written or verbally.

---Uniforms---
Q: Where can I find information on new factory treated uniforms including ordering information (National Stock Numbers [NSNs]), availability, etc.?
A: The Uniform Permethrin Treatment Matrix provides the most current information regarding the status of all uniforms currently available by Service in the DoD supply system.
Q: What is the current policy or procedure for retreating factory treated or flame retardant uniforms?
A: At this time, no flame retardant uniforms are authorized for permethrin treatment. Also, the EPA currently prohibits the field retreatment of any uniforms that have been previously treated at the factory or with the 2 gallon sprayer and/or the Individual Dynamic Absorption (IDA) kit. If a permethrin-treated uniform (whether at the factory, with the 2-gal sprayer, or IDA kit) has exceeded the EPA label of 50 washings, it should be replaced. Be sure to fully utilize and follow the DoD Insect Repellent System to reduce the risk from medically important insects.
Q: I am leaving soon for a deployment. What Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is recommended?
A: For such information, regardless of where you may be deploying, you should start by checking for any such information available through your own and the next higher support elements in your chain of command. Check the appropriate Disease Vector Ecology Profile (DVEP) to help you determine what diseases you may be exposed to while you’re deployed, as well as your risk. If you are serving as a member of the DoD or Federal government, you may also want to access the National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) webpage or use their complete contact information. If you don't have .mil or .gov e-mail access, call their 24-Hour Service/Request for Information number (301-619-7574), validate your need and submit your request. General recommendations are provided in Technical Guide 36: Personal Protective Measures Against Insects and Other Arthropods of Military Significance.

The following PPE items are often ordered by units before deployments and field exercises in areas with potential vector-borne disease transmission or nuisance biting insects:

1. There are 3 possibilities for Permethrin Clothing Applications: 1)Insect Repellent, Clothing Application, Permethrin, IDA Kit (“Shake and Bake kits”), 12 kits per box; 2) Insect Repellent, clothing application, 40% permethrin, liquid (2-Gal sprayer), 12 bottles per box; 3) Insect Repellent, clothing application, aerosol (Permethrin Arthropod Repellent), 12 cans per box. None of these may be applied to Permethrin Factory Treated Uniforms – e.g., FR-ACU-P, or MCCUU. Uniforms that have Permethrin Factory Treatments, IDA Kit, or 2 gallon sprayer applications may not be reapplied by any method. Only uniforms and civilian clothing previously applied with the 6 oz aerosol can may be reapplied with the aerosol can.

2. Ultrathon® Deet, Cutter Backwoods® DEET Insect Repellent, or Natrapel® Picaridin (to be used in accordance with the DoD Repellent System)

3. Insect Fly Catcher, P/N 442, or M510 or Revenge Fly Catchers, 144 sticky paper strip rolls per box

4. Insect Repellent, personal application & sunscreen, 20% DEET/SPF15 (Sunset)

5. Bed net, Pop-up, self-supporting low profile bed net (SSLPB). [The NSNs for these items can be found in the DoD Pest Management Material List (Other than pesticides)].


---Venomous Animals---
Q: I'm interested in obtaining photos of the venomous snakes that appear in your listing of venomous plants and animals to accompany the descriptions on your country listing. Could you recommend a place where I might get them?
A: Most of the images posted in the Living Hazards Database may be used with proper credit stated to the photographer and/or the AFPMB website. Some alternative sources for further information and/or images also include: the reptile database, the WHO snake database; the Toxinology database (Australian) and the Venomdoc website.
Q: I would like to use one of your pictures for a book of mine on venomous snakes. Is that possible?
A: Most of the images posted on our website are publicly available and do not require a fee for use, especially for educational purposes. We require that you clearly credit the photographer and all other contributing sources for each image used. In most cases, that would be the photographer (if identified with the posted image) and/or our website. For purposes other than educational, please submit a specific request for use in case any third party photographer (i.e., anyone who is not a member of the AFPMB staff) might have only authorized our use of that image and/or has stated some restriction(s) on further distribution.
Q: I would like some assistance gathering information on vector borne diseases, insect envenomation, venomous animals, and other related health threats/prevention measures in preparation for an upcoming deployment.
A: For such information, regardless of where you may be deploying, you should start by checking for any such information available through your own and the next higher support elements in your chain of command. Next, you might access our Disease Vector Ecology Profiles (DVEP), posted on this website. You may also find relevant information in the AFPMB’s Living Hazards Database. If you are serving as a member of the DoD or Federal government, you may also want to access the National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) webpage or use their complete contact information. If you don't have .mil or .gov e-mail access, call their 24-Hour Service/Request for Information number (301-619-7574), validate your need and submit your request.


---Deployed War-fighter Protection Research Program---
Q: Does the AFPMB support research to develop new pest control methods?
A: Yes, the AFPMB Research Liaison Officer (RLO) coordinates the Research Committee and its recommendations on pest control questions and studies. The RLO prepares research requirements documents, counsels military research students, and maintains technical liaison with entomology specialty officers in the DoD, other federal agencies, academia and industry. Since 2004, the Deployed War-Fighter Protection (DWFP) has provided annual funding for the USDA Agricultural Research Service and competitive research grants for scientists to discover and develop new materials and methods for military protection against vector-borne diseases. For those years when money for new starts is available, the call for DWFP pre-proposals is typically released in the first week of August.
Q: Does the AFPMB welcome research proposals and suggestions from civilians as well as military personnel? What funding is available?
A: Yes. Please send your question/suggestion to the Deployed War-Fighter Protection (DWFP) Program Manager, Dr. Gabriela Zollner, telephone: 301-295-8328 or via e-mail (gabriela.z.romero.civ@mail.mil). In each fiscal year, the DWFP Program issues a Request for Proposals published on www.grants.gov and the AFPMB website. Competitive Awards may be funded up to $250K/year for up to 3 years of research yielding deployable products.
Q: What types of research activities have been undertaken by the Deployed War-Fighter Protection (DWFP) Program? What products have resulted?
A: Since the DWFP program began in 2004, more than 300 researchers at over 100 labs have participated in approximately 100 projects, resulting in nearly 300 scientific publications. Tangible products include new insecticides and insect repellents, new equipment and strategies for pesticide applications, patents and licenses for commercialization of certain materials to be used for controlling pests and vectors that threaten military deployments. Many of these products have wider applications for public health pest and vector control. Annual Review meetings allow DWFP investigators to exchange information and plan collaborations between military researchers, university scientists, industry, and other U.S. Government researchers in various federal agencies.

For technical assistance or general questions contact the AFPMB Webmaster at osd.pentagon.ousd-atl.mbx.afpmb@mail.mil
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