Living Hazards Database

Desert Black Snake, Walterinnesia aegyptia or Desert Cobra
LHD Overview

The Living Hazards Database (LHD) is a compilation of more than 500 species worldwide, which are reported to cause serious injury or death of humans. The LHD is intended to provide a concise, practical information source for use by medical, paramedical, first-responder personnel and medical planners supporting U.S. military personnel. Information on each species listed includes: description, habitat, behavior, known harmful effects, geographic distribution, taxonomy, and a representative image for most species.

For information about antivenom products, producers or sources, you can go to:, then search by the scientific name (genus and species) of the snake, spider, or scorpion.

LHD Database Files

  1. Quick Cross Reference File - (Developed by 1LT(P) Paula Mischler, U.S. Army)
  2. Living Hazards Database - Search by scientific name (PDF)
  3. Living Hazards Database - Search by country (PDF)
  4. Venomous Snake Safety Video (CAC Access only)

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