U.S.-India Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)


 Origin
Defense cooperation between the United States and India is a strategic priority for both nations, but the pace and scope of cooperation on defense technology and trade has been impeded by differing bureaucratic processes and legal requirements. In 2012, Secretary of Defense Mr. Leon Panetta directed Deputy Secretary of Defense Dr. Ashton Carter to undertake an initiative to provide increased U.S. senior level oversight and engagement to get beyond these obstacles.  The undertaking is referred to as the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI).

 

 The DTTI and Its Aims
The DTTI is not a treaty or a law.  It is a flexible mechanism to ensure that senior leaders from our nations are persistently focused on the opportunities and challenges associated with growing our defense partnership.

The DTTI aims to:
    • Transform the bilateral defense relationship into one that is limited only by independent strategic decisions, rather than bureaucratic obstacles or inefficient procedures
    • Strengthen India’s defense industrial base by moving away from the traditional “buyer-seller” dynamic toward a more collaborative approach
    • Explore new areas of technological collaboration from science and technology cooperation through co-development and co-production
    • Expand U.S.-Indian business ties

 Leadership

The expectations and value placed in the DTTI are reflected in the seniority of its leadership. For the United States, the initiative is led by the third ranking official in the U.S. Defense Department (DoD), the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Mr. Frank Kendall.  In addition, there is a joint U.S.-India DTTI Interagency Task Force (DIATF) co-chaired by the Director for International Cooperation, Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Mr. Keith Webster. The DoD also established The India Rapid Reaction Cell (IRRC) in January 2015 to focus exclusively on advancing the DTTI.

President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Modi expressed their support for the DTTI through a joint statement in January 2015 and directed that the DTTI focus on pursuing six co-development/co-production pathfinder efforts. 

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