America's military installations, including their associated environment, have many purposes. They must sustain the regular forward and home station presence of U.S. forces as well as provide support in training and deployment to meet the Nation's need in periods of crisis, contingency, and combat.
The Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) is the primary office of the Department of Defense with responsibility for providing adjustment assistance to communities, regions and States adversely impacted by significant Defense program changes. These changes include base expansions, closures or realignments; major contract changes that result in significant worker layoffs; and other personnel reductions and increases. OEA manages and directs the Defense Economic Adjustment Program and coordinates and facilitates the involvement of the Federal Agencies.