United States of America and the Russian Federation,
the accomplishments at the Ljubljana, Genoa, Shanghai, and Washington/Crawford
Summits and the new spirit of cooperation already achieved;
on the November 13, 2001 Joint Statement on a New Relationship Between
the United States and Russia, having embarked upon the path of new relations
for the twenty-first century, and committed to developing a relationship
based on friendship, cooperation, common values, trust, openness, and
our belief that new global challenges and threats require a qualitatively
new foundation for our relationship;
to work together, with other nations and with international organizations,
to respond to these new challenges and threats, and thus contribute to
a peaceful, prosperous, and free world and to strengthening strategic
Foundation for Cooperation
We are achieving
a new strategic relationship. The era in which the United States and Russia
saw each other as an enemy or strategic threat has ended. We are partners
and we will cooperate to advance stability, security, and economic integration,
and to jointly counter global challenges and to help resolve regional
these objectives the United States and Russia will continue an intensive
dialogue on pressing international and regional problems, both on a bilateral
basis and in international fora, including in the UN Security Council,
the G-8, and the OSCE. Where we have differences, we will work to resolve
them in a spirit of mutual respect.
We will respect
the essential values of democracy, human rights, free speech and free
media, tolerance, the rule of law, and economic opportunity.
that the security, prosperity, and future hopes of our peoples rest on
a benign security environment, the advancement of political and economic
freedoms, and international cooperation.
development of U.S.-Russian relations and the strengthening of mutual
understanding and trust will also rest on a growing network of ties between
our societies and peoples. We will support growing economic interaction
between the business communities of our two countries and people-to-people
and cultural contacts and exchanges.
States and Russia are already acting as partners and friends in meeting
the new challenges of the 21st century; affirming our Joint Statement
of October 21, 2001, our countries are already allied in the global struggle
against international terrorism.
States and Russia will continue to cooperate to support the Afghan people's
efforts to transform Afghanistan into a stable, viable nation at peace
with itself and its neighbors. Our cooperation, bilaterally and through
the United Nations, the 'Six-Plus-Two? diplomatic process, and in other
multilateral fora, has proved important to our success so far in ridding
Afghanistan of the Taliban and al-Qaida.
Asia and the South Caucasus, we recognize our common interest in promoting
the stability, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of all the nations
of this region. The United States and Russia reject the failed model of
?Great Power? rivalry that can only increase the potential for conflict
in those regions. We will support economic and political development and
respect for human rights while we broaden our humanitarian cooperation
and cooperation on counterterrorism and counternarcotics.
States and Russia will cooperate to resolve regional conflicts, including
those in Abkhazia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and the Transnistrian issue in
Moldova. We strongly encourage the Presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia
to exhibit flexibility and a constructive approach to resolving the conflict
concerning Nagorno-Karabakh. As two of the Co-Chairmen of the OSCE's Minsk
Group, the United States and Russia stand ready to assist in these efforts.
13, 2001, we pledged to work together to develop a new relationship between
NATO and Russia that reflects the new strategic reality in the Euro-Atlantic
region. We stressed that the members of NATO and Russia are increasingly
allied against terrorism, regional instability, and other contemporary
threats. We therefore welcome the inauguration at the May 28, 2002 NATO-Russia
summit in Rome of a new NATO-Russia Council, whose members, acting in
their national capacities and in a manner consistent with their respective
collective commitments and obligations, will identify common approaches,
take joint decisions, and bear equal responsibility, individually and
jointly, for their implementation. In this context, they will observe
in good faith their obligations under international law, including the
UN Charter, provisions and principles contained in the Helsinki Final
Act and the OSCE Charter for European Security. In the framework of the
NATO-Russia Council, NATO member states and Russia will work as equal
partners in areas of common interest. They aim to stand together against
common threats and risks to their security.
of the Middle East peace process, the United States and Russia will continue
to exert joint and parallel efforts, including in the framework of the
"Quartet," to overcome the current crisis in the Middle East,
to restart negotiations, and to encourage a negotiated settlement. In
the Balkans, we will promote democracy, ethnic tolerance, self-sustaining
peace, and long-term stability, based on respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of the states in the region and United Nations Security
Council resolutions. The United States and Russia will continue their
constructive dialogue on Iraq and welcome the continuation of special
bilateral discussions that opened the way for UN Security Council adoption
of the Goods Review List.
our Joint Statement of November 13, 2001 on counternarcotics cooperation,
we note that illegal drug trafficking poses a threat to our peoples and
to international security, and represents a substantial source of financial
support for international terrorism. We are committed to intensifying
cooperation against this threat, which will bolster both the security
and health of the citizens of our countries.
States and Russia remain committed to intensifying cooperation in the
fight against transnational organized crime. In this regard, we welcome
the entry into force of the Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal
Matters on January 31, 2002.
States and Russia believe that successful national development in the
21st century demands respect for the discipline and practices of the free
market. As we stated on November 13, 2001, an open market economy, the
freedom of economic choice, and an open democratic society are the most
effective means to provide for the welfare of the citizens of our countries.
States and Russia will endeavor to make use of the potential of world
trade to expand the economic ties between the two countries, and to further
integrate Russia into the world economy as a leading participant, with
full rights and responsibilities, consistent with the rule of law, in
the world economic system. In this connection, the sides give high priority
to Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization on standard terms.
our bilateral economic and trade relations demands that we move beyond
the limitations of the past. We stress the importance and desirability
of graduating Russia from the emigration provisions of the U.S. Trade
Act of 1974, also known as the Jackson-Vanik Amendment. We note that the
Department of Commerce, based on its ongoing thorough and deliberative
inquiry, expects to make its final decision no later than June 14, 2002
on whether Russia should be treated as a market economy under the provisions
of U.S. trade law. The sides will take further practical steps to eliminate
obstacles and barriers, including as appropriate in the legislative area,
to strengthen economic cooperation.
We have established
a new dynamic in our economic relations and between our business communities,
aimed at advancing trade and investment opportunities while resolving
disputes, where they occur, constructively and transparently.
States and Russia acknowledge the great potential for expanding bilateral
trade and investment, which would bring significant benefits to both of
our economies. Welcoming the recommendations of the Russian-American Business
Dialogue, we are committed to working with the private sectors of our
countries to realize the full potential of our economic interaction. We
also welcome the opportunity to intensify cooperation in energy exploration
and development, especially in oil and gas, including in the Caspian region.
strength of our societies is the creative energy of our citizens. We welcome
the dramatic expansion of contacts between Americans and Russians in the
past ten years in many areas, including joint efforts to resolve common
problems in education, health, the sciences, and environment, as well
as through tourism, sister-city relationships, and other people-to-people
contacts. We pledge to continue supporting these efforts, which help broaden
and deepen good relations between our two countries.
the scourge of HIV/AIDS and other deadly diseases, ending family violence,
protecting the environment, and defending the rights of women are areas
where U.S. and Russian institutions, and especially non-governmental organizations,
can successfully expand their cooperation.
the Spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Non-Proliferation and International
States and Russia will intensify joint efforts to confront the new global
challenges of the twenty-first century, including combating the closely
linked threats of international terrorism and the proliferation of weapons
of mass destruction and their means of delivery. We believe that international
terrorism represents a particular danger to international stability as
shown once more by the tragic events of September 11, 2001. It is imperative
that all nations of the world cooperate to combat this threat decisively.
Toward this end, the United States and Russia reaffirm our commitment
to work together bilaterally and multilaterally.
States and Russia recognize the profound importance of preventing the
spread of weapons of mass destruction and missiles. The specter that such
weapons could fall into the hands of terrorists and those who support
them illustrates the priority all nations must give to combating proliferation.
To that end,
we will work closely together, including through cooperative programs,
to ensure the security of weapons of mass destruction and missile technologies,
information, expertise, and material. We will also continue cooperative
threat reduction programs and expand efforts to reduce weapons-usable
fissile material. In that regard, we will establish joint experts groups
to investigate means of increasing the amount of weapons-usable fissile
material to be eliminated, and to recommend collaborative research and
development efforts on advanced, proliferation-resistant nuclear reactor
and fuel cycle technologies. We also intend to intensify our cooperation
concerning destruction of chemical weapons.
States and Russia will also seek broad international support for a strategy
of proactive non-proliferation, including by implementing and bolstering
the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the conventions
on the prohibition of chemical and biological weapons. The United States
and Russia call on all countries to strengthen and strictly enforce export
controls, interdict illegal transfers, prosecute violators, and tighten
border controls to prevent and protect against proliferation of weapons
of mass destruction.
Defense, Further Strategic Offensive Reductions, New Consultative Mechanism
on Strategic Security
States and Russia proceed from the Joint Statements by the President of
the United States of America and the President of the Russian Federation
on Strategic Issues of July 22, 2001 in Genoa and on a New Relationship
Between the United States and Russia of November 13, 2001 in Washington.
States and Russia are taking steps to reflect, in the military field,
the changed nature of the strategic relationship between them.
States and Russia acknowledge that today's security environment is fundamentally
different than during the Cold War.
In this connection,
the United States and Russia have agreed to implement a number of steps
aimed at strengthening confidence and increasing transparency in the area
of missile defense, including the exchange of information on missile defense
programs and tests in this area, reciprocal visits to observe missile
defense tests, and observation aimed at familiarization with missile defense
systems. They also intend to take the steps necessary to bring a joint
center for the exchange of data from early warning systems into operation.
States and Russia have also agreed to study possible areas for missile
defense cooperation, including the expansion of joint exercises related
to missile defense, and the exploration of potential programs for the
joint research and development of missile defense technologies, bearing
in mind the importance of the mutual protection of classified information
and the safeguarding of intellectual property rights.
States and Russia will, within the framework of the NATO-Russia Council,
explore opportunities for intensified practical cooperation on missile
defense for Europe.
States and Russia declare their intention to carry out strategic offensive
reductions to the lowest possible levels consistent with their national
security requirements and alliance obligations, and reflecting the new
nature of their strategic relations.
A major step
in this direction is the conclusion of the Treaty Between the United States
of America and the Russian Federation on Strategic Offensive Reductions.
In this connection,
both sides proceed on the basis that the Treaty Between the United States
of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Reduction
and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms of July 31, 1991, remains in
force in accordance with its terms and that its provisions will provide
the foundation for providing confidence, transparency, and predictability
in further strategic offensive reductions, along with other supplementary
measures, including transparency measures, to be agreed.
States and Russia agree that a new strategic relationship between the
two countries, based on the principles of mutual security, trust, openness,
cooperation, and predictability requires substantive consultation across
a broad range of international security issues. To that end we have decided
a Consultative Group for Strategic Security to be chaired by Foreign
Ministers and Defense Ministers with the participation of other senior
officials. This group will be the principal mechanism through which
the sides strengthen mutual confidence, expand transparency, share information
and plans, and discuss strategic issues of mutual interest; and
- seek ways
to expand and regularize contacts between our two countries' Defense
Ministries and Foreign Ministries, and our intelligence agencies.
OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION:
May 24, 2002
TC Home | Treaties & Agreements | Guidance
| E-mail the Webmaster