Previous Page Next Page Prior Version PDF Version Table of Content DFARS Home Page


(Revised October 01, 2002)



 237.102-70 Prohibition on contracting for firefighting or security-guard functions.
 237.104 Personal services contracts.
 237.106 Funding and term of service contracts.
 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces.

237.102-70  Prohibition on contracting for firefighting or security-guard functions.


      (a)  Under 10 U.S.C. 2465, the DoD is prohibited from entering into contracts for the performance of firefighting or security-guard functions at any military installation or facility unless—


              (1)  The contract is to be carried out at a location outside the United States (to include any U.S. commonwealth, territory, or possession) at which members of the armed forces would have to be used for the performance of firefighting or security-guard functions at the expense of unit readiness;


              (2)  The contract will be carried out on a Government-owned but privately operated installation; or


              (3)  The contract (or renewal of a contract) is for the performance of a function under contract on September 24, 1983.


      (b)  Under Section 2907 of Pub. L. 103-160, this prohibition does not apply to services at installations being closed (see Subpart 237.74).


      (c)  Under Section 1010 of Pub. L. 107-56, this prohibition does not apply to any contract that--


              (1)  Is entered into during the period of time that United States armed forces are engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom or during the period 180 days thereafter;


              (2)  Is for the performance of security functions at any military installation or facility in the United States;


              (3)  Is awarded to a proximately located local or State government, or a combination of such governments, whether or not any such government is obligated to provide such services to the general public without compensation; and


              (4)  Prescribes standards for the training and other qualifications of local government law enforcement personnel who perform security functions under the contract in accordance with criteria established by the Secretary of the department concerned.


237.104  Personal services contracts.


      (b)(i)  Authorization to acquire the personal services of experts and consultants is included in Pub. L. 101-165, Section 9002.  Personal service contracts for expert and consultant services must also be authorized by a determination and findings (D&F) in accordance with department/agency regulations.


                    (A)  Generally, the D&F should authorize one contract at a time; however, an authorizing official may issue a blanket D&F for classes of contracts.


                    (B)  Prepare each D&F in accordance with FAR 1.7 and include a determination that—


                            (1)  The duties are of a temporary or intermittent nature;


                            (2)  Acquisition of the services is advantageous to the national defense;


                            (3)  DoD personnel with necessary skills are not available;


                            (4)  Excepted appointment cannot be obtained;


                            (5)  A nonpersonal services contract is not practicable;


                            (6)  Statutory authority, 5 U.S.C. 3109 and other legislation, apply; and


                            (7)  Any other determination required by statues has been made.


              (ii)  Personal services contracts for health care are authorized by 10 U.S.C. 1091.


                    (A)  This authority may be used to acquire—


                            (1)  Direct health care services provided in medical treatment facilities; and


                            (2)  Services of clinical counselors, family advocacy program staff, and victim’s services representatives to members of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiaries who require such services, provided in medical treatment facilities or elsewhere.  Persons with whom a personal services contract may be entered into under this authority include clinical social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and other comparable professionals who have advanced degrees in counseling or related academic disciplines and who meet all requirements for State licensure and board certification requirements, if any, within their fields of specialization.


                    (B)  Sources for personal services contracts with individuals under the authority of 10 U.S.C. 1091 shall be selected through the procedures in this section.  These procedures do not apply to contracts awarded to business entities other than individuals.  Selections made using the procedures in this section are exempt by statute from FAR Part 6 competition requirements (see 206.001(b)).


                    (C)  Approval requirements for—


                            (1)  Direct health care personal service contracts (see 237.104(b)(ii)(A)(1)) and a pay cap are in DoDI 6025.5, Personal Services Contracts for Health Care Providers.  Requests to enter into a personal service contract for direct health care services must be approved by the commander of the medical/dental treatment facility where the services will be performed.


                            (2)  Services of clinical counselors, family advocacy program staff, and victim’s services representatives (see 237.104(b)(ii)(A)(2)), shall be in accordance with agency procedures.


                    (D)  The contracting officer must ensure that the requiring activity provides a copy of the approval with the purchase request.


                    (E)  The contracting officer must provide adequate advance notice of contracting opportunities to individuals residing in the area of the facility.  The notice must include the qualification criteria against which individuals responding will be evaluated.  The contracting officer shall solicit applicants through at least one local publication which serves the area of the facility.  Acquisitions under this section for personal service contracts are exempt from the posting and synopsis requirements of FAR Part 5.


                    (F)  The contracting officer shall provide the qualifications of individuals responding to the notice to the commander of the facility for evaluation and ranking in accordance with agency procedures.  Individuals must be considered solely on the basis of the professional qualifications established for the particular personal services being acquired and the Government’s estimate of reasonable rates, fees, or other costs.  The commander of the facility shall provide the contracting officer with rationale for the ranking of individuals, consistent with the required qualifications.


                    (G)  Upon receipt from the facility of the ranked listing of applicants, the contracting officer shall either—


                            (1)  Enter into negotiations with the highest ranked applicant.  If a mutually satisfactory contract cannot be negotiated, the contracting officer shall terminate negotiations with the highest ranked applicant and enter into negotiations with the next highest.


                            (2)  Enter into negotiations with all qualified applicants and select on the basis of qualifications and rates, fees, or other costs.


                    (H)  In the event only one individual responds to an advertised requirement, the contracting officer is authorized to negotiate the contract award.  In this case, the individual must still meet the minimum qualifications of the requirement and the contracting officer must be able to make a determination that the price is fair and reasonable.


                    (I)  If a fair and reasonable price cannot be obtained from a qualified individual, the requirement should be canceled and acquired using procedures other than those set forth in this section.


      (f)(i)  Payment to each expert or consultant for personal services under 5 U.S.C. 3109 shall not exceed the highest rate fixed by the Classification Act Schedules for grade GS-15 (see 5 CFR 304.105(a)).


              (ii)  The contract may provide for the same per diem and travel expenses authorized for a Government employee, including actual transportation and per diem in lieu of subsistence for travel between home or place of business and official duty station.


              (iii)  Coordinate with the civilian personnel office on benefits, taxes, personnel ceilings, and maintenance of records.


237.106  Funding and term of service contracts.


      (1)  Personal service contracts for expert or consultant services shall not exceed 1 year.  The nature of the duties must be—


              (i)  Temporary (not more than 1 year); or


              (ii)  Intermittent (not cumulatively more than 130 days in 1 year).


      (2)  The contracting officer may enter into a contract, exercise an option, or place an order under a contract for severable services for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year if the period of the contract awarded, option exercised, or order placed does not exceed 1 year (10 U.S.C. 2410a).


237.109  Services of quasi-military armed forces.

See 237.102-70 for prohibition on contracting for firefighting or security-guard functions.


Previous Page Next Page Prior Version PDF Version Table of Content DFARS Home Page