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subpart 222.4--labor standards for contracts involving construction

(Revised April 26, 2007)

 

 



 222.402 Applicability.
 222.402-70 Installation support contracts.
 222.403 Statutory and regulatory requirements.
 222.403-4 Department of Labor regulations.
 222.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.
 222.404-2 General requirements.
 222.406 Administration and enforcement.
 222.406-1 Policy.
 222.406-6 Payrolls and statements.
 222.406-8 Investigations.
 222.406-9 Withholding from or suspension of contract payments.
 222.406-10 Disposition of disputes concerning construction contract labor standards enforcement.
 222.406-13 Semiannual enforcement reports.


222.402  Applicability.

 

222.402-70  Installation support contracts.

 

      (a)  Apply both the Service Contract Act (SCA) and the Davis-Bacon Act (DBA) to installation support contracts if—

 

              (1)  The contract is principally for services but also requires a substantial and segregable amount of construction, alteration, renovation, painting, or repair work; and

 

              (2)  The aggregate dollar value of such construction work exceeds or is expected to exceed $2,000.

 

      (b)  SCA coverage under the contract.  Contract installation support requirements, such as plant operation and installation services (i.e., custodial, snow removal, etc.) are subject to the SCA.  Apply SCA clauses and minimum wage and fringe benefit requirements to all contract service calls or orders for such maintenance and support work.

 

      (c)  DBA coverage under the contract.  Contract construction, alteration, renovation, painting, and repair requirements (i.e., roof shingling, building structural repair, paving repairs, etc.) are subject to the DBA.  Apply DBA clauses and minimum wage requirements to all contract service calls or orders for construction, alteration, renovation, painting, or repairs to buildings or other works.

 

      (d)  Repairs versus maintenance.  Some contract work may be characterized as either DBA painting/repairs or SCA maintenance.  For example, replacing broken windows, spot painting, or minor patching of a wall could be covered by either the DBA or the SCA.  In those instances where a contract service call or order requires construction trade skills (i.e., carpenter, plumber, painter, etc.), but it is unclear whether the work required is SCA maintenance or DBA painting/repairs, apply the following rules—

 

              (1)  Individual service calls or orders which will require a total of 32 or more work-hours to perform shall be considered to be repair work subject to the DBA.

 

              (2)  Individual service calls or orders which will require less than 32 work-hours to perform shall be considered to be maintenance subject to the SCA.

 

              (3)  Painting work of 200 square feet or more to be performed under an individual service call or order shall be considered to be subject to the DBA regardless of the total work-hours required.

 

      (e)  The determination of labor standards application shall be made at the time the solicitation is prepared in those cases where requirements can be identified.  Otherwise, the determination shall be made at the time the service call or order is placed against the contract.  The service call or order shall identify the labor standards law and contract wage determination which will apply to the work required.

 

      (f)  Contracting officers may not avoid application of the DBA by splitting individual tasks between orders or contracts.

 

222.403  Statutory and regulatory requirements.

 

222.403-4  Department of Labor regulations.

Direct all questions regarding Department of Labor regulations to the labor advisor.

 

222.404  Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

Not later than April 1 of each year, each department and agency shall furnish the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, with a general outline of its proposed construction program for the coming fiscal year.  The Department of Labor uses this information to determine where general wage determination surveys will be conducted.

 

      (1)  Indicate by individual project of $500,000 or more—

 

              (i)  The anticipated type of construction;

 

              (ii)  The estimated dollar value; and

 

              (iii)  The location in which the work is to be performed (city, town, village, county, or other civil subdivision of the state).

 

      (2)  The report format is contained in Department of Labor All Agency Memo 144, December 27, 1985.

 

      (3)  The report control number is 1671-DOL-AN.

 

222.404-2  General requirements.

 

      (c)(5)  Follow the procedures at PGI 222.404-2 (c)(5) (Pop-up Window or PGI Viewer Mode) when seeking clarification of the proper application of construction wage rate schedules.

 

222.406  Administration and enforcement.

 

222.406-1  Policy.

 

      (a)  General.  The program shall also include—

 

              (i)  Training appropriate contract administration, labor relations, inspection, and other labor standards enforcement personnel in their responsibilities; and

 

              (ii)  Periodic review of field enforcement activities to ensure compliance with applicable regulations and instructions.

 

      (b)  Preconstruction letters and conferences.

 

              (1)  Promptly after award of the contract, the contracting officer shall provide a preconstruction letter to the prime contractor.  This letter should accomplish the following, as appropriate—

 

                    (A)  Indicate that the labor standards requirements contained in the contract are based on the following statutes and regulations—

 

                            (1)  Davis-Bacon Act;

 

                            (2)  Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act;

 

                            (3)  Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act;

 

                            (4)  Parts 3 and 5 of the Secretary of Labor's Regulations (Parts 3 and 5, Subtitle A, Title 29, CFR); and

 

                            (5)  Executive Order 11246 (Equal Employment Opportunity);

 

                    (B)  Call attention to the labor standards requirements in the contract which relate to—

 

                            (1)  Employment of foremen, laborers, mechanics, and others;

 

                            (2)  Wages and fringe benefits payments, payrolls, and statements;

 

                            (3)  Differentiation between subcontractors and suppliers;

 

                            (4)  Additional classifications;

 

                            (5)  Benefits to be realized by contractors and subcontractors in keeping complete work records;

 

                            (6)  Penalties and sanctions for violations of the labor standards provisions; and

 

                            (7)  The applicable provisions of FAR 22.403; and

 

                    (C)  Ensure that the contractor sends a copy of the preconstruction letter to each subcontractor.

 

              (2)  Before construction begins, the contracting officer shall confer with the prime contractor and any subcontractor designated by the prime to emphasize their labor standards obligations under the contract when—

 

                    (A)  The prime contractor has not performed previous Government contracts;

 

                    (B)  The prime contractor experienced difficulty in complying with labor standards requirements on previous contracts; or

 

                    (C)  It is necessary to determine whether the contractor and its subcontractors intend to pay any required fringe benefits in the manner specified in the wage determination or to elect a different method of payment.  If the latter, inform the contractor of the requirements of FAR 22.406-2.

 

222.406-6  Payrolls and statements.

 

      (a)  Submission.  Contractors who do not use Department of Labor Form WH 347 or its equivalent must submit a DD Form 879, Statement of Compliance, with each payroll report.

 

222.406-8  Investigations.

 

      (a)  Before beginning an investigation, the investigator shall inform the contractor of the general scope of the investigation, and that the investigation will include examining pertinent records and interviewing employees.  In conducting the investigation, follow the procedures at PGI 222.406-8 (a) (Pop-up Window or PGI Viewer Mode). 

 

      (c)  Contractor notification.

 

              (4)(A)  Notify the contractor by certified mail of any finding that it is liable for liquidated damages under the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (CWHSSA).  The notification shall inform the contractor that—

 

                            (1)  It has 60 days after receipt of the notice to appeal the assessment of liquidated damages; and

 

                            (2)  The appeal must demonstrate either that the alleged violations did not occur at all, occurred inadvertently notwithstanding the exercise of due care, or the assessment was computed improperly.

 

                    (B)  If an appeal is received, the contracting officer shall process the appeal in accordance with department or agency regulations.

 

      (d)  Contracting officer's report.  Forward a detailed enforcement report or summary report to the agency head in accordance with agency procedures.  Include in the report, as a minimum, the information specified at PGI 222.406-8 (d) (Pop-up Window or PGI Viewer Mode).

 

222.406-9  Withholding from or suspension of contract payments.

 

      (a)  Withholding from contract payments.  The contracting officer shall contact the labor advisor for assistance when payments due a contractor are not available to satisfy that contractor's liability for Davis-Bacon or CWHSSA wage underpayments or liquidated damages.

 

      (c)  Disposition of contract payments withheld or suspended.

 

              (3)  Limitation on forwarding or returning funds.  When disposition of withheld funds remains the final action necessary to close out a contract, the Department of Labor has given blanket approval to forward withheld funds to the Comptroller General pending completion of an investigation or other administrative proceedings.

 

      (4)  Liquidated damages.

 

              (A)  The agency head may adjust liquidated damages of $500 or less when the amount assessed is incorrect or waive the assessment when the violations—

 

                    (1)  Were nonwillful or inadvertent; and

 

                    (2)  Occurred notwithstanding the exercise of due care by the contractor, its subcontractor, or their agents.

 

              (B)  The agency head may recommend to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, that the liquidated damages over $500 be adjusted because the amount assessed is incorrect.  The agency head may also recommend the assessment be waived when the violations—

 

                    (1)  Were nonwillful or inadvertent; and

 

                    (2)  Occurred notwithstanding the exercise of due care by the contractor, the subcontractor, or their agents.

 

222.406-10  Disposition of disputes concerning construction contract labor standards enforcement.

 

      (d)  Forward the contracting officer's findings and the contractor's statement through the labor advisor.

 

222.406-13  Semiannual enforcement reports.

Forward these reports through the head of the contracting activity to the labor advisor within 15 days following the end of the reporting period.  These reports shall not include information from investigations conducted by the Department of Labor.  These reports shall contain the following information, as applicable, for construction work subject to the Davis-Bacon Act and the CWHSSA—

 

      (1)  Period covered;

 

      (2)  Number of prime contracts awarded;

 

      (3)  Total dollar amount of prime contracts awarded;

 

      (4)  Number of contractors/subcontractors against whom complaints were received;

 

      (5)  Number of investigations conducted;

 

      (6)  Number of contractors/subcontractors found in violation;

 

      (7)  Amount of wage restitution found due under—

 

              (i)  Davis-Bacon Act

 

              (ii)  CWHSSA;

 

      (8)  Number of employees due wage restitution under—

 

              (i)  Davis Bacon Act

 

              (ii)  CWHSSA;

 

      (9)  Amount of liquidated damages assessed under the CWHSSA—

 

              (i)  Total amount

 

              (ii)  Number of contracts involved;

 

      (10)  Number of employees and amount paid/withheld under—

 

              (i)  Davis-Bacon Act

 

              (ii)  CWHSSA

 

              (iii)  Copeland Act; and

 

      (11)  Preconstruction activities—

 

              (i)  Number of compliance checks performed

 

              (ii)  Preconstruction letters sent.

 

 

 

 


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