Geneva June 6, 1985
STANDING CONSULTATIVE COMMISSION
COMMON UNDERSTANDING RELATED TO PARAGRAPH 2 OF SECTION III OF THE AGREED STATEMENT OF NOVEMBER 1, 1978 REGARDING CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF ARTICLES II, IV AND VI OF THE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS ON THE LIMITATION OF ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE SYSTEMS OF MAY 26, 1972 AND UTILIZATION OF AIR DEFENSE RADARS AT THE TEST RANGES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE IV OF THAT TREATY
In accordance with the provisions of the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems of May 26, 1972, hereinafter referred to as the Treaty the Parties thereto, in further development of the agreement recorded in paragraph 2 of Section III of the Agreed Statement of November 1, 1978, with a view to precluding the possibility of ambiguous situations at the test ranges referred to in Article IV of the Treaty have, within the framework of the Standing Consultative Commission additionally agreed that:
- each Party will refrain from launching strategic ballistic missiles to the area of such a test range or from launching ABM interceptor missiles at that test range concurrent with the operation of air defense components located at that range;
- in agreeing to the foregoing the Parties recognize the possibility of circumstances - the appearance of a hostile or unidentified aircraft - in which, for the purpose of providing for air defense, a necessity for the operation of air defense components, located at the test range for carrying out air defense functions including providing for range safety, may arise unexpectedly during the launch of a strategic ballistic missile to the area of the test range or during the launch of an ABM interceptor missile at that range. Should such an event occur, the Party which had the concurrent operation will, as soon as possible, but within thirty days, provide notification to the other Party describing the circumstances of that event. It will, if necessary, on a voluntary basis, also inform the other Party about the event or hold consultations with it within the framework of the Standing Consultative Commission as provided for in Article XIII of the Treaty and paragraph 4 of the Regulations of the Standing Consultative Commission.
This Common Understanding constitutes a component part of this agreement reached between the Parties with regard to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Section III of the Agreed Statement of November 1, 1978, and does not affect other provisions of that Agreed Statement or the provisions of the common understandings thereto reached by the Commissioners in the Standing Consultative Commission on November 1, 1978.
The provisions of this Common Understanding will be used by the Parties in their implementation of the provisions of the Treaty and the Agreed Statement of November 1, 1978, beginning on the date of signature of this Common Understanding, that is, June 6, 1985.
[The document is signed by the Commissioners of both countries.]