Living Hazards Database

Desert Black Snake, Walterinnesia aegyptia or Desert Cobra
LHD Overview

The Living Hazards Database (LHD) is a compilation of more than 500 species worldwide, which are reported to cause serious injury or death of humans. The LHD is intended to provide a concise, practical information source for use by medical, paramedical, first-responder personnel and medical planners supporting U.S. military personnel. Information on each species listed includes: description, habitat, behavior, known harmful effects, geographic distribution, taxonomy, and a representative image for most species.

For information about antivenom products, producers or sources, you can go to:, then search by the scientific name (genus and species) of the snake, spider, or scorpion.

LHD Database Files

  1. Quick Cross Reference File - (Developed by 1LT(P) Paula Mischler, U.S. Army)
  2. Living Hazards Database - Search by scientific name (PDF)
  3. Living Hazards Database - Search by country (PDF)
  4. Venomous Snake Safety Video (Requires download prior to playing video) (CAC Access only)

Reptile and Amphibian Identification

  1. DoD PARC Fact Sheets - Includes fact sheets and other resources that provide information about various venomous snakes, other reptiles, and amphibians located in and outside of the United States. These products are produced by the DoD Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (DoD PARC).

  2. Snakes and Safety on Continental U.S. Department of Defense Installations - This video provides military personnel and natural resource managers with information about identification of dangerous venomous snakes of the continental United States, common myths and misconceptions about snakes, and general snake safety and awareness. This video was produced by DoD PARC.

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